BERRUTI Gabriele Luigi Francesco's profile
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BERRUTI Gabriele Luigi Francesco

  • Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici, sezione di scienze preistoriche ed antropologiche, Università degli studi di Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
  • Ancient Palaeolithic, Europe, Lithic technology, Mesolithic, Middle Palaeolithic, Taphonomy, Traceology

Recommendations:  0

Review:  1

Areas of expertise
Educational background: Dates: 2014-2017 Title of qualification awarded: PhD of International Doctorate in Quaternary and Prehistory (IDQP)'s. Main issues: The International Doctorate in Quaternary and Prehistory (IDQP)'s objective is to train young researchers at a high scientific level, opened, with a naturalistic approach to multi-and inter-disciplinary to the major scientific debates that animate the international scientific community in terms of human evolution. My work focused on the functional analysis of lithic artifacts from various European contexts (made in different raw materials: flint, vein quartz, flint, vein quartz, quartzite, porphyry and jasper) : Pirro Nord (Apricena, Fg, Italy, dated around 1.3-1.6 Mya), Guado San Nicola (Isernia, Italy, dated around 400 kya.), Ciota Ciara (Borgosesia, Vc, Italy, dated around 300 kya ), Pedra Dreta (Gerona, Spain, dated around 80kya), Can Garriga (Gerona, Spain, dated around 80kya), Lagoa du Bando (Macau, Portugal, dated around 30kya ), Foz do Enxarrique (Rodao, Portugal, dated around 30kya).PhD's thesis in functional analysis was titled: Use-wear analysis of discoid-conception lithic industries. Evaluation: excellent. Dates: 2006-2009 Title of qualification awarded: Master's degree in Quaternary and Prehistory at the department of natural sciences at the Universita’ di Ferrara. Main issues: the master is designed to train professionals with a strong cultural background in the mastery of scientific method and knowledge necessary for the implementation of research on the ancient history man. Master's thesis in functional analysis was titled: " Occupazioni mesolitiche nel parmense: Approccio funzionale all'industria litica del sito sauvetteriano di Collecchio (Pr)”. (Mesolithic occupations in Parma: Functional approach to industry lytic sauvetterian site of Collecchio .). Evaluation: 30/30 cum laude. Dates: 1999-2006 Title of qualification awarded: Master's degree in Medieval History at the department of History at the University di Turin. Main issues: thesis in Medieval Archaeology entitled: “La rete viaria in Valle Maira tra l’età romana e il medioevo”(The road network in Valle Maira between Roman and medieval times). Evaluation: 108/110 Date: 2005 Title of qualification awarded: Operator of recovery and restoration of historical centers - address "Prehistoric Archaeology" at Cesma in collaboration with the Universita’ di Ferrara. Main topics: techniques and practices of archaeological excavation and restoration of artifacs. Using specific information systems (GIS and AUTOCAD). The program was specifically designed to address the problems of urban and regional archaeological man-made environment. In addition, the program provided over 240 hours of archaeological excavation at the site of "Boira Fusca cave" ( localita Salto Cuorgnè, To). Evaluation: excellent. Work background: 2018-ongoing Research fellow at the University of Ferrara 2018- ongoing curator of the museum di Archeologia e Paleontologia C.Conti di Borgosesia (Vc-Italy) 2017-ongoing treasurer of the association 2014- 2017 president of the 3P association 2010- ongoing co-director, sector manager and director of numerous excavations and archaeological projects (Ciota Ciara Cave, Pirro Nord, Isernia la Pineta, Guado San Nicola, etc.). Author and co-author of numerous archaeological papers: On international Journal with impact factor and / or peer review: 18 On national Journal: 21

Review:  1

01 Dec 2021
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A closer look at an eroded dune landscape: first functional insights into the Federmessergruppen site of Lommel-Maatheide

Potential of a large-scale functional analysis to reconstructing past human activities at the Final Palaeolithic site of Lommel-Maatheide

Recommended by and based on reviews by Gabriele Luigi Francesco Berruti and Ana Abrunhosa

The paper “A closer look at an eroded dune landscape: first functional insights into the Federmessergruppen site of Lommel-Maatheide” [1] focuses on the final Palaeolithic (Federmesser) site of Lommel-Maatheide. Federmesser sites from northern Belgium such as Lommel-Maatheide, Meer and Rekem, show evidence for dense human occupation of specific areas located on top of Tardiglacial dunes nearby water bodies [2]. Preserved spatial distribution of finds at the sites suggest different activity areas and the presence of habitat structures [2]. However, because of the low organic preservation at the sites, functional analyses of lithic assemblages have the potential to significantly contribute to the spatial organisation of activities at these sites. This study by Tomasso et al. [1], represents an excellent example of a large-scale integrated approach to the study of lithic industries. The article undoubtedly demonstrates the potential of the proposed methodology and the reliability of the results obtained.

The article explores two different aspects (linked and excellently interconnected here): the possibility to apply use wear, residue and fracture analyses, on lithic assemblages affected by taphonomical alterations and to study lithic assemblages from dune landscapes. 

The study allows to answer differentiated questions: what is the influence of taphonomical alterations on use wear analysis? How do excavation methods impact the formation of use wear and the preservation of residues? Can we recognize distinct domestic activities? The article also provides an interesting hypothesis about hunting activities and propulsion methods.

The applied methodology is effectively interdisciplinary and innovative. It demonstrates how a truly integrated and articulated approach can represent the turning point for going beyond a mainly descriptive dimension to move towards a real understanding of the sites.

Studies dedicated to the analysis of the propulsion mode are not very frequent, but they are surely very important to better understand human behaviour [3]. Here, the methodology developed for the evaluation of the propulsion mode represent an important starting point for the definition of a new approach. Morphological and morphometrical analysis are integrated to the evaluation of the mechanical stress, to fracture delineations and to the hafting system (the latter defined on experimental basis).

This article therefore underlines the potential of combining different approaches to functional analysis associated with a ‘tailored’ reference collection and applying them to a high number of artefacts for reconstructing past human activities involving materials that are otherwise not preserved in these contexts. 

[1] Tomasso, S., Cnuts, D., Coppe, J., Geerts, F., Gils, M.V., Bie, M.D., Rots, V. (2021). A closer look at an eroded dune landscape: first functional insights into the Federmessergruppen site of Lommel-Maatheide. https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/pf3sm, ver 3 peer-reviewed and recommended by PCI Archaeology.

[2] De Bie, M., Van Gils, M. (2006). Les habitats des groupes à Federmesser (aziliens) dans le Nord de la Belgique. Bulletin de la Société préhistorique française, 103, 781–790.

[3] Coppe, J., Lepers, C., Clarenne, V., Delaunois, E., Pirlot, M. and Rots V. (2019). Ballistic Study Tackles Kinetic Energy Values of Palaeolithic Weaponry. Archaeometry, (61)4, 933-956. https://doi.org/10.1111/arcm.12452

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BERRUTI Gabriele Luigi Francesco

  • Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici, sezione di scienze preistoriche ed antropologiche, Università degli studi di Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
  • Ancient Palaeolithic, Europe, Lithic technology, Mesolithic, Middle Palaeolithic, Taphonomy, Traceology

Recommendations:  0

Review:  1

Areas of expertise
Educational background: Dates: 2014-2017 Title of qualification awarded: PhD of International Doctorate in Quaternary and Prehistory (IDQP)'s. Main issues: The International Doctorate in Quaternary and Prehistory (IDQP)'s objective is to train young researchers at a high scientific level, opened, with a naturalistic approach to multi-and inter-disciplinary to the major scientific debates that animate the international scientific community in terms of human evolution. My work focused on the functional analysis of lithic artifacts from various European contexts (made in different raw materials: flint, vein quartz, flint, vein quartz, quartzite, porphyry and jasper) : Pirro Nord (Apricena, Fg, Italy, dated around 1.3-1.6 Mya), Guado San Nicola (Isernia, Italy, dated around 400 kya.), Ciota Ciara (Borgosesia, Vc, Italy, dated around 300 kya ), Pedra Dreta (Gerona, Spain, dated around 80kya), Can Garriga (Gerona, Spain, dated around 80kya), Lagoa du Bando (Macau, Portugal, dated around 30kya ), Foz do Enxarrique (Rodao, Portugal, dated around 30kya).PhD's thesis in functional analysis was titled: Use-wear analysis of discoid-conception lithic industries. Evaluation: excellent. Dates: 2006-2009 Title of qualification awarded: Master's degree in Quaternary and Prehistory at the department of natural sciences at the Universita’ di Ferrara. Main issues: the master is designed to train professionals with a strong cultural background in the mastery of scientific method and knowledge necessary for the implementation of research on the ancient history man. Master's thesis in functional analysis was titled: " Occupazioni mesolitiche nel parmense: Approccio funzionale all'industria litica del sito sauvetteriano di Collecchio (Pr)”. (Mesolithic occupations in Parma: Functional approach to industry lytic sauvetterian site of Collecchio .). Evaluation: 30/30 cum laude. Dates: 1999-2006 Title of qualification awarded: Master's degree in Medieval History at the department of History at the University di Turin. Main issues: thesis in Medieval Archaeology entitled: “La rete viaria in Valle Maira tra l’età romana e il medioevo”(The road network in Valle Maira between Roman and medieval times). Evaluation: 108/110 Date: 2005 Title of qualification awarded: Operator of recovery and restoration of historical centers - address "Prehistoric Archaeology" at Cesma in collaboration with the Universita’ di Ferrara. Main topics: techniques and practices of archaeological excavation and restoration of artifacs. Using specific information systems (GIS and AUTOCAD). The program was specifically designed to address the problems of urban and regional archaeological man-made environment. In addition, the program provided over 240 hours of archaeological excavation at the site of "Boira Fusca cave" ( localita Salto Cuorgnè, To). Evaluation: excellent. Work background: 2018-ongoing Research fellow at the University of Ferrara 2018- ongoing curator of the museum di Archeologia e Paleontologia C.Conti di Borgosesia (Vc-Italy) 2017-ongoing treasurer of the association 2014- 2017 president of the 3P association 2010- ongoing co-director, sector manager and director of numerous excavations and archaeological projects (Ciota Ciara Cave, Pirro Nord, Isernia la Pineta, Guado San Nicola, etc.). Author and co-author of numerous archaeological papers: On international Journal with impact factor and / or peer review: 18 On national Journal: 21